亚搏手机版app下载体育官网-最新版—人教版丨八年级下册英语2单元知识点总结

日期:2022-04-22 01:30:02 | 人气:

本文摘要:Unit2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks[单词]clean up 扫除(清除)洁净cheer [tʃiə] v. 欢呼cheer up 变得更兴奋,振奋起来give out 分发,散发volunteer [ˌvɔlənˈtiə] n. v. 志愿者;义务做come up with 想出,提出put off 推迟sign [saɪn] n. 标志,符号,标牌notice [ˈnəʊtɪs] n. v. 通知,通告;注意到hand o

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Unit2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks[单词]clean up 扫除(清除)洁净cheer [tʃiə] v. 欢呼cheer up 变得更兴奋,振奋起来give out 分发,散发volunteer [ˌvɔlənˈtiə] n. & v. 志愿者;义务做come up with 想出,提出put off 推迟sign [saɪn] n. 标志,符号,标牌notice [ˈnəʊtɪs] n. & v. 通知,通告;注意到hand out 分发call up 打电话给…某人,征召used to 曾经…,已往…lonely ['ləʊnlɪ] adj. 孤苦的,寥寂的care for 照顾,很是喜欢several [ˈsevrəl] prep. 几个,数个,一些strong [strɒŋ] adj. 强壮的,强烈的feeling [ˈfi:lɪŋ] n. 感受,感慨satisfaction [ˌsætɪs'fækʃn] n. 满足,满足joy [dʒɔɪ] n. 兴奋,愉快owner [ˈəʊnə(r)] n. 所有者,物主try out 到场…选拔,试用journey ['dʒɜ:nɪ] n. (尤指远程)旅行,行程raise [reɪz] v. 抬起,举起,筹集,征集alone [əˈləun] adv. 独自地,孤苦地repair [riˈpɛə] v. 修理,修补fix [fiks] v. 修理,安装fix up 修理,修补give away 赠送,捐赠take after (外貌或行为)像broken ['brəʊkən] adj. 破损的,残缺的wheel [wi:l] n. & v. 轮子,车轮;旋转letter [ˈletə] n. 信件,字母Miss [mɪs] n. 小姐set up 建设,设立disabled [disˈeibəld] adj. 有残疾的,丧失能力的make a difference 影响,有作用blind [blaɪnd] adj. 盲的,盲目的,失明的deaf [def] adj. 聋的imagine [ɪˈmædʒɪn] v. 想象,设想difficulty ['dɪfɪkəltɪ] n. 难题open [ˈəʊpən] v. 打开door [dɔ:] n. 门carry ['kærɪ] v. 携带,搬运train [treɪn] v. 训练,造就training [ˈtreɪnɪŋ] n. 训练,培训excited [ɪkˈsaɪtɪd] adj. 激动的,兴奋的kindness [ˈkaɪndnəs] n. 仁慈,善良,亲切,善意clever [ˈklevə] adj. 智慧的,机敏的understand [ˌʌndəˈstænd] v. 懂,明白change [tʃeɪndʒ] n. & v. 改变interest ['ɪntrəst] n. & v. 感兴趣;兴趣sir [sɜ:(r)] n. 先生madam ['mædəm] n. 夫人,女士【重点短语】1.have a fever 发烧2.have a cough 咳嗽3.have a toothache 牙疼4.talk too much 说得太多5.drink enough water 喝足够的水6.have a cold 受凉;伤风7.have a stomachache 胃疼8.have a sore back 背疼9.have a sore throat 喉咙痛10. take risks 冒险11.hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶12.see a dentist 看牙医13.get an X-ray 拍X 光片14.take one’ s temperature 量体温15.put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药16. give up 放弃17. sound like 听起来像18. all weekend 整个周末19. in the same way 以同样的方式20. go to a doctor 看医生21. go along 沿着……走22. on the side of the road 在马路边23. shout for help 高声呼救24. without thinking twice 没有多想25. get off 下车26. have a heart problem 有心脏病27. to one’ s surprise 另某人惊讶的是28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于29. in time 实时30. make a decision 做出决议31. get into trouble 造成贫苦32. right away 连忙;马上33. because of 由于34. get out of 脱离;从……出来35. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎37. fall down 摔倒38. feel sick 感应恶心39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖41. put her head back 把她的头向后仰42. have problems breathing 呼吸难题43. mountain climbing 爬山运动44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事45. run out (of) 用完;用尽46. so that 以便47. so...that... 如此……以至于...…48. be in control of 掌管;治理49. in a difficult situation 在闲境中【重点句型】1. What's the matter with you?= What'the trouble with you?= What's wrong with you? 你怎么了?2. What should she do? 她该怎么办呢?3.Should I take my temperature? 我应该量一下体温吗?4.You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。5. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?6. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving.我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。7. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital. 她说这小我私家有心脏病应该去医院。

【重点语法】动词不定式动词不定式的基本结构为“to+动词原形 ”(有时可不加to)。在句中除不能充当谓语外,其他身分都可充当,如:主语、表语、宾语、状语、宾语补足语、定语等。在八上已讲过作宾语的用法。

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在此主要讲作宾语补足语和状语的用法。(1) 作宾语补足语。动词不定式作宾语补足语,放在宾语的后面,表现宾语是什么或怎么样。

有to do 和 to be 两种形式。The doctor advised him to take a good rest.I find English to be very easy.提示:在ask, tell, want, would like, advise, invite, teach,等动词或短语之后,常接带to的不定式做宾语补足语。We asked him to sing a pop song at the party.① 动词不定式作宾语补足语时,不定式符号to在使役动词(have, make, let)、感官动词(feel, hear, watch, see, notice等)的后面时要省略。

但他们变为被动语态时,不定式符号to不能省略。The boss made the workers work over ten hours a day in the past.= The workers were made to work over ten hours a day by the boss in the past.② 动词help接不定式做宾语补足语时,不定式符号to可省略也可不省略。

He often comes to help us (to) do some farm work.(2)作状语① 表目的:表目的时,不定式可放在句子的前面也可放在句子的末尾。但在句子前面时,不定式常与句子用逗号离隔;而在句子末尾时一般不用逗号离隔。

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To get there on time, we set out at five in the morning.He goes there to enjoy the fresh air.② 表效果:不定式做效果状语,一般位于句子末尾。I went to the classroom, to discover it empty.动词短语1.动词短语是指动词和介词或副词等搭配而组成的短语。2.动词短语主要有以下四种组成形式:(1)动词+介词如:agree with, ask for, arrive in/at, come from, get to, get on, get off, look after, take after等。

注:这类动词短语后面的宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。Eg: I am looking for my pen. I have been looking for it for two hours.• (2) 动词+副词• 如:give out, look up, put up, put off, write down ,cheer up, turn off/ on, find out, hand out等。• 注:这类动词短语后面的宾语是名词时,名词可放在副词之后,也可放在副词之前;宾语是代词时,带刺只能放在副词之前。

• Eg: Please pick up the pen.• =Please pick the pen up.• Can you pick it up.• 3)动词+名词+介词• 如:make friends with, pay attention to , take care of, look forward to等。• 注:在这类动词短语中,并与都放在介词之后。• Eg: She stayed at home to take care of the baby.• (4)动词+形容词+介词• 如:be angry with, be busy with, be good/bad for, be different from, be interested in , be good at , be famous for等。• Eg: Hangzhou is famous for the West Lake.【单元作文】【资助他人和到场志愿运动】形貌发生在我们身边相关的事情,提倡相互资助,体贴社会和谐生长。

此类为常考话题作文,写作时应只管用倡议或招呼性的语句或者用自己、他人亲身履历的事件勉励教育他人。规范 1Sam,I’m writing to tell you about a voluntary activity last week. Last Saturday several friends and I went to the People’s Park at about eight o’clock. Then we started to help clean the park. First, we cleaned up the benches. I took us about an hour. Then we picked up rubbish in the park. At last, we swept the floor of the park. At about 12 o’clock, we finished all the work. Though we were a bit tired, we felt very happy when the park became cleaner and nicer.Wang Kai规范 2 【Unit 2单元测试范文】A great volunteer activityMy name is Sally. I think volunteering means a lot. Last Saturday, I volunteered to go to a poor mountain village school with several of my friends. In the morning, we taught some kids to learn English and then told some stories to cheer them up. In the afternoon, we played games with them. After that, we gave away some books and toys to them. We were glad to see the kids were really hard-working and lovely. I hope to go to help them next time if possible.声明:内容泉源于网络,如有侵权请联系删除!。


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